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This website is dedicated to Ol'Conrad.  He passed away shortly after Christmas, 2013.  He had made stupendous contributions to our hobby through his dedicated and careful breeding of aquatic animals.  He was a good friend and best buddy of Pete's and will not only be missed greatly by Pete, the hobby will forever have lost a valuable friend and asset. But his progeny will live on forever in his memory.

Cichlids are fishes from the family Cichlidae. The family is both large and diverse. At least 1,300 species have
 been scientifically described, making it one of the largest vertebrate families. New species are discovered annually,
 and many species remain undescribed. The actual number of species is therefore unknown, with estimates varying between 1,300 and 3,000.

Cichlids span a wide range of body sizes, from species as small as 2.5 centimeters (0.98 in) in length to much larger species approaching 1 meter (3.3 ft) in length. As a group, cichlids exhibit a similar diversity of body shapes, ranging
 from strongly laterally compressed species that are cylindrical and highly elongate  Generally, however, cichlids
 tend to be of medium size, ovate in shape and slightly laterally compressed, and generally similar to the North
 American sunfishes in morphology, behavior, and ecology.

Many cichlids, particularly tilapia, are important food fishes, while others are valued game fish (e.g. Cichla species).
 The family also includes many familiar aquarium fish, including the angelfish, oscars, and discus.

Cichlids have the largest number of endangered species among vertebrate families. Cichlids are particularly well
 known for having evolved rapidly into a large number of closely related but morphologically diverse species 
within large lakes, particularly Tanganyika, Victoria, Malawi, and Edward. Their diversity in the African Great 
Lakes is important for the study of speciation in evolution. Many cichlids that have been introduced into waters
 outside of their natural range have become nuisances, such as tilapia in the southern United States.

​Cichlids have highly organized breeding activities.

 Brood care

All species show some form of parental care for both eggs and larvae, often nurturing free-swimming young until
 they are weeks or months old.

Communal parental care, where multiple monogamous pairs care for a mixed school of young have also been
 observed in multiple cichlid species. Comparably, the fry of Neolamprologus brichardi, a species that commonly
 lives in large groups, are protected not only by the adults, but also by older juveniles from previous spawns.

Several cichlids, including discus (Symphysodon spp.), some Amphilophus species, Etroplus and Uaru
 species
 feed their young with a skin secretion from mucous glands.

Parental care falls into one of four categories: 

substrate or open brooders
 secretive cave brooders  
at least two types of mouthbrooders
 ovophile mouthbrooders and larvophile mouthbrooders.

Cichlids are the most species-rich non-Ostariophysan family in freshwaters worldwide. They are most diverse
 in Africa and South America. It is estimated that Africa alone hosts at least 1,600 species. 
Central America and Mexico have approximately 120 species, as far north as the Rio Grande in southern Texas. Madagascar has its own distinctive species , only distantly related to those on the African mainland. 
Native cichlids are largely absent in Asia, except for nine species in Israel, Lebanon and Syria, one in Iran
  and three in India and Sri Lanka. If disregarding Trinidad and Tobago (where the few native cichlids are
 members of genera that are widespread in the South American mainland), the three species from the genus
 Nandopsis are the only cichlids from the Antilles in the Caribbean, specifically Cuba and Hispaniola. Europe,
 Australia, Antarctica, and North America north of the Rio Grande drainage have no native cichlids, 
although in Florida, Mexico, Japan and northern Australia feral populations of cichlids have become 
established as exotics.

Aquarium hybrids

The most ubiquitous aquarium hybrid is perhaps the blood parrot cichlid which is a cross of several species,
 especially from genus Amphilophus. With a beak-shaped mouth, an abnormal spine, and an occasionally missing
 caudal fin (known as the "love heart" parrot cichlid), the fish is controversial among aquarists. 
Some have called blood parrot cichlids "the Frankenstein monster of the fish world."
Another notable hybrid, the flowerhorn cichlid, was very popular in some parts of Asia from 2001 unti
late 2003, and is believed to bring good luck to its owner.The popularity of the flowerhorn cichlid declined in 2004.
Owners released many specimens into the rivers and canals of Malaysia and Singapore where they threaten
 endemic communities.

Numerous cichlid species have been selectively bred to develop ornamental aquarium strains. The most
 intensive programs have involved angelfish and discus, and many mutations that affect both coloration
 and finnage are known. Other cichlids have been bred for albino, leucistic, and xanthistic pigment mutations,
 including oscars, convicts and Pelvicachromis pulcher. Both dominant and recessive pigment mutation
s have been observed. In convict cichlids, for example, a leucistic coloration is recessively inherited, 
while in Oreochromis niloticus niloticus red coloration is caused by a dominant inherited mutation.

This selective breeding may have unintended consequences. For example, hybrid strains of Mikrogeophagus ramirezi
 have health and fertility problems.Similarly, intentional inbreeding can cause physical abnormalities, such
 as the notched phenotype in angelfish.

NOTE:  this article is intensely edited from the complete article that you can find at​ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cichlid


Julidochromis ornatus 
Xystichromis phytoplagus
Firefish peacock
Apistogramma agassizii
Pelvicachromis taeniatus
Ol'Numbskull has forgotten!!  Do you know?  LOL
Honduran red point cichlids
Honduran red point cichlid
Julidochromis transcriptus bemba
Pearl Zebra
Brichari
Blue Rams
Apistogramma pandurini 
Fine Bar Scrapper
Many cichlid species are known for their extreme aggression. The strongest male will become dominant and will constantly chase and fight his competition. Additionally, he will relentlessly chase the females in an attempt to mate. This aggression, however, is one of the more attractive aspects of cichlid keeping as it really brings out the cichlids’ personalities. The negative aspect of the aggression is that it can lead to an entire tank being decimated in a relatively short amount of time. While you will never be able to completely make these aggressive cichlids peaceful, there are steps you can take to reduce the aggression such that it does not result in fatalities.
While many cichlids are aggressive, there are various degrees of aggressiveness. Some are only aggressive towards their own species while others will attack anything in the tank. Also some are fairly mild-mannered relative to other cichlid species (although it is still generally a good idea to not mix them with community fish). If you put a very aggressive species with a less aggressive species, the less aggressive fish will not be able to defend themselves. The best way to limit deaths in your aquarium is to pick species that have similar temperaments. There will still be fighting, but both species will be equals during the battles.
African Cichlids 
Cichlids from the many lakes in beautiful Africa

Lake Victoria 
Victoria cichlids are some of the most colorful tropical fish available for your aquarium. They can be a little messy, but they make you fish tank beautiful! 

Lake Tanganyika 
Tanganyika cichlids are very popular tropical fish. They are very interesting cichlids to keep in an aquarium. They are interesting to watch (especially shell-dwellers), and fun to breed. 

Lake Malawi 
Malawi cichlids are some of the most popular tropical fish available for your aquarium. 



   Central America Cichlids

Central American cichlids are the staple cichlid that many aquarium hobbyists start out with. The Jack Dempsey or Convict cichlid are both extremely popular. Of course, they can be quite aggressive, and messy, but pet stores will always carry them! 


​No, I have not put up any photos of the Dempseys or Convicts.  That is because I did not find any in Ol'Lotsoffish's photo album.  SOOOO - anyone out there have a great picture of their pet Dempsey or Convict, please send it to me iamlotsoffish2@aol.com  and I will put it up and give you credit as the owner, etc.  Karen
http://www.allcichlids.com/general/african_cichlids_aggression_2.html



​Why go anywhere
else?
"He brings out that 10 year old kid in me who had
An aquarium in the house with what I now know what was a siren in it.
The tub in the basement had a baby alligator in it
The backyard swimming pool, tubs, garbage cans at different times had Carp, bluegills, bullheads, turtles, frogs, salamanders, snakes, lizards ..
Since I cant go back to being 10 and move to New York ..
Hey Mang! Show me them Darters you got!!"

-Yeahbut


And finally I got back to this page so I can add Ol'Lotsoffish's photos of what some folks consider to be the most beautiful fish of the freshwater trade.  The DISCUS!
AND NOW for perhaps the most well known aquarium fish, perhaps second only to the Guppy
ANGELFISH
I bet few have seen the varieties these beauties come in!
Below is my pair of Platinum Pearlscale Angelfish spawning.
Ol Peteykins sent 
them to me.