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This website is dedicated to Ol'Conrad.  He passed away shortly after Christmas, 2013.  He had made stupendous contributions to our hobby through his dedicated and careful breeding of aquatic animals.  He was a good friend and best buddy of Pete's and will not only be missed greatly by Pete, the hobby will forever have lost a valuable friend and asset. But his progeny will live on forever in his memory.
"In the giant collection of fishes that are the minnows, there are species and sub-groupings that are real 
stalwarts in the aquarium interest. Where would we be without the various "sharks" and peculiar gudgeons, 
or goldfish and koi in all their varieties? Not to mention all the important food and forage minnow
 species in the wild. Here we'll cover three of the most important assemblages of minnows used by
 freshwater hobbyists; the Barbs, Danios and Rasboras, and give an overview of the entire minnow family."

"Barbs, Danios and Rasboras all belong to the minnow family, Cyprinidae ("Sigh-prin-id-ee"). Cyprinids
 are the largest family of fishes, with about two hundred ten genera and over two thousand species
 (2189 currently according to www.fishbase.org). 

"What do you picture when you think of a general minnow body-plan? They're generally small, high-backed and compressed side-to-side; with snouts that are typically short supporting a terminal or under-slung mouth.

Minnows have further defining characteristics. Their jaws lack teeth entirely; instead they utilize pharyngeal 
teeth further down in the throat to grind their food. Aiding their typical plant and bottom feeding is a protrusible
 mouth and tactile and chemo-sensory barbels; usually in two pairs. They have dorsal, anal and ventral
 finnage that complement of paired fins, pectorals and pelvics; but lack an adipose. Most have simple cycloid
 scales covering their bodies, but heads that are scaleless. Their gas bladders are divided into
 two or three chambers."

Below are some photos Lotsoffish took of his own fish. As usual, photos are not published on this web site
 unless, Ol'Lotsoffish has owned the fish and he, himself has taken the photos. 
This is a small representation of the Cyprinidae that are available to the hobbyist.  
Though less common to the hobby than other related barbs, this peaceful, active, egg-laying fish is compatible with other related species in the home aquarium such as tiger barbs ( Puntius tetrazona), and
 rosy barbs (Puntius conchonius) and other fast swimming 
Cyprinid species of similar size.

 Also compatible with some cichlid species, but smaller fish such as neon tetras would be at risk of predation. 
As with many barbs, nippy behavior is common,
 but alleviated by keeping the fish in numbers of at least 5-6 individuals in the aquarium, while taking into account the space requirements of the adult size of 4-5 inches.


  Minnow Family

"Minnow" is often used to describe small silvery fish. Actually, "minnow" is the common name for the largest family of fishes found in North America. Some 48 species of minnows occur in New York state; five of these are introduced species, among which carp and goldfish are best known. Other commonly encountered native species are creek chub, fallfish, chubs, stoneroller, golden shiner, common shiner, and various dace and minnows.


Barbs; the common name comes to us from the original designation by Bleeker, placing these fishes in the genus Barbus. There is a still-disputed sub- and alternate classification scheme roughly based on the number of barbels; Barbodes (4); Capoeta (2); and Puntius (none); but this system is not consistent. 

Barbs come in two general classes behaviorally; the smaller, peaceful variety, and the fin-nipping, zooming around boisterous kinds. Of the previous, the gold, checkerboard and gold barbs serve as delightful paradigms. 
The latter includes tiger, tinfoil, T-bar and many more. For these go-getting, fin-biters a few words of advice:

 1) Do keep them with other fast-moving, and/or medium-aggressive fishes; larger Gouramis, semi-peaceful cichlids, equal-temperament Characoids like the larger Pencilfishes.

 2) Stock and maintain them in small, odd-numbered schools; 

3, 5, 7... this non-even arrangement tends to reduce aggression between the barbs and their tankmates. 3) Provide plenty of cover in the way of plants and decor.  


** Please note I am unable to be consistent in the format of the information I am giving. I AM having to rely on
 Google for the information. If anyone, has more information concerning any fishes listed on the web site, 
please let me know. I will pass it thru Ol'Lotsoffish's coffee soaked brain and get what we need put up here.   
arulius barb (Puntius arulius)
Brichari Barb  
Dojos Barbs
Odessa Barb   Puntius ticto  

The Spotted Danio or Dwarf Danio (Danio nigrofasciatus) is a tropical fish belonging to the minnow family (Cyprinidae). Originating in northern Myanmar, this fish is sometimes found in community tanks by fish keeping hobbyists. It grows to a maximum length of 1.5 inches (3.7 cm).In the wild, the Spotted Danio is found in rivers in a tropical climate and prefer water with a 6.5 - 7.0 pH, a water hardness of 5.0 - 12.0 dGH, and an ideal temperature range of 75 - 82 °F (24 - 28 °C). 
The Spotted Danio is an egglayer.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spotted_danio
Ocelot Danios
Glowlight danio (Danio choprai) is a small, schooling fish closely related to the popular zebrafish Danio rerio. This should not be confused with the GloFish [1], a trademarked brand of fluorescent zebrafish that appears to glow in the dark under a black light. The Danio choprai is an active, surface-dwelling fish that feeds on insects that have fallen into the water, aquatic insect larvae, and other small animals.

It has a streamlined body marked with a brilliant orange longitudinal band and a series of vertical blue-black bars on the flanks. The fins are edged with yellow. In recent years it has become quite widely traded as an aquarium fish, but otherwise has no commercial importance.

 Its common name derives from its similarity to the glowlight tetra, a South American characin only
 distantly related to this fish.They get on well with all other danio species except the giant danio.There is less frequently traded geographical variant from the Putao area of northern Myanmar, known as the "northern glowlight danio", sometimes referred to by a fictitious scientific name "Danio putaoensis". This variant is 
larger, has more vertical bars and longer barbels.  

  Maximum length: 1.25 inches 4 cm
  Colors: Brown, yellow, green, red

Well, I looked and looked and searched and I just could not come up with information on these. However, until I have something more concrete to put up ----- have fun!

AND while reading I am sure you will want to have some of Ol'Lotsoffish'es easy bake cake.

4 tablespoons flour
4 tablespoons sugar
2 tablespoons cocoa
1 egg
3 tablespoons milk
3 tablespoons oil
3 tablespoons chocolate chips (optional)
A small splash of vanilla extract
1 large coffee mug (MicroSafe)

Add dry ingredients to mug, and mix well. Add the egg and mix thoroughly.

Pour in the milk and oil and mix well..

Add the chocolate chips (if using) and vanilla extract, and mix again.

Put your mug in the microwave and cook for 3 minutes at 1000 watts.

The cake will rise over the top of the mug, but don't be alarmed!

Allow to cool a little, and tip out onto a plate if desired.
EAT ! (this can serve 2 if you want to feel slightly more virtuous).

And why is this the most dangerous cake recipe in the world?

Because now we are all only 5 minutes away from chocolate cake at any time of the day or night!

PS I think this has more of a brownie texture. Karen
To many, Boraras brigittae is the most attractive member of the genus which perhaps explains why it is so common to see B. urophthalmoides (mis)labelled with the name in the trade. 

While it might be confused with the 'red/orange' colour form of urophthalmoides at first glance brigittae is easily identifiable by its larger adult size, lack of distinct dark blotch at the caudal peduncle, comparitively short, often broken lateral stripe and overall brighter/more uniformly red patterning. 

It is sometimes seen on sale with the alternative trade name of 'chili rasbora'.



  Galaxi rasbora

New species of fish are being discovered all of the time but most are just merged into the aquarium trade without a great impact, one species that has proven to be a massive hit with fish keepers has to be the Galaxy Rasbora.

This fish with its amazing colouration has taken the market by storm even though it has only been available in the last 5 years. This beautiful but undemanding fish is so striking that when pictures first appeared of it, many people were sceptical and believed that all of the pictures had been doctored somehow to enhance the true colours of the fish as some form of marketing ploy.

note: there is no date on this article so I am not sure how outdated the information is.

Microdevario kubotai is a species of cyprinid. It belongs to the genus Microdevario, which contains small danionins.  The type locality is in Ranong Province, Thailand; presumably the fish also occurs in nearby Myanmar. 

In the aquarium fish trade, it is often identified as the "yellow neon" or "green neon" rasbora.

             "Although the Rummy Nose Rasbora has developed surprisingly similar markings to
 the South American Rummy Nose Tetra, the two
 species developed separately into transcontinental look-alikes. This fish has no shortage of common
 names, being referred to as the Asian Rummynose, Sawbwa Barb, Naked Micro Rasbora, and
 Rummynose Rasbora. The numerous common names, including
 both the term barb and rasbora, are due to an
 ongoing debate over whether this fish fits into the
 Barb, Rasbora, or Danio category, or if they belong in their own group.

By whatever name and group you choose, this is a great fish for color and temperament. They are very
 particular about their water, but they are otherwise hardy and easy enough to care for. Because of their sensitivity to water conditions, 
they are generally not a good beginner fish. They are peaceful so can be kept in a community environment, but they are a bit nervous. They actually do the best
 with a sexually balanced school of their own kind, 
and in their own specimen tank."

   Pork Chop Rasbora AKA Glow Light Rasbora
  T. hengeli

Perhaps better known as the Glowlight Rasbora
 or Hengel’s Rasbora
 is native to Borneo and Sumatra, Indonesia. It has been collected from Sumatra’s Jambi province and from the Tambesi River. It is usually found in gentle streams and densely vegetated tributaries. 

Trigonostigma hengeli can reach a length of 3 cm in an aquarium. This species has a small, translucent body and a slim, bright orange line extending laterally. There is a black marking below the orange line; the orange and black become more intense when the fish is in good health.  

This species is difficult to sex, but adult females are generally larger with a rounded belly.

Pork Chop Rasbora
"green neon" rasbora.
  Galaxi rasbora
Orange Barilus Danio
Glowlight danio
Rhombo Barb
  Long Finned CherryBarb
Boraras brigittae

Why go anywhere
"He brings out that 10 year old kid in me who had
An aquarium in the house with what I now know what was a siren in it.
The tub in the basement had a baby alligator in it
The backyard swimming pool, tubs, garbage cans at different times had Carp, bluegills, bullheads, turtles, frogs, salamanders, snakes, lizards ..
Since I cant go back to being 10 and move to New York ..
Hey Mang! Show me them Darters you got!!"


WHOOPS, I had the wrong picture here!!  GREAT CATCH Dennis.  You deserve the best in show ribbon this week!  LOL  Karen